For over 18 years the Wildlife Conservation Society (WCS) Pakistan Program has helped 65 communities build new governance institutions based on natural resource management and sustainable development. The program has also built multiple-community conservancies and linked them with the provincial government, in some cases providing the first platform for community and community-government coordination. WCS has trained government staff and over 100 community rangers to protect forests and wildlife. WCS-led governance efforts now influence the lives of over 400,000 villagers across 10,000 km2. It has led to a 70% increase in what was an endangered and rapidly decreasing markhor population, and protected some of Pakistan’s last great conifer forests.